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4.1 Keyboard Shortcuts

Lower-case command keys

(use with Cmd key on Mac and Alt key on other platforms)

 a Select all
 b Browse it (selection is a class name or cursor is over a class-list or message-list)
 c Copy selection
 d Do it (selection is a valid expression)
 e Exchange selection with prior selection
 f Find
 g Find again
 h Set selection as search string for find again
 i Inspect it (selection is a valid expression, or selection is over an inspect-ilst)
 j Again once (do the last text-related operation again)
 k Set font
 l Cancel
 m Implementors of it (selection is a message selector or cursor is over a class-list or message-list)
 n Senders of it (selection is a message selector or cursor is over a class-list or message-list)
 o Spawn current method
 p Print it (selection is a valid expression)
 q Query symbol (toggle all possible completion for a given prefix)
 r Recognizer
 s Save (i.e. accept)
 t Finds a Transcript (when cursor is over the desktop)
 u Toggle alignment
 v Paste
 w Delete preceding word (over text); Close-window (over morphic desktop)
 x Cut selection
 y Swap characters
 z Undo

Note: for Do it, Senders of it, etc., a null selection will be expanded to a word or to the current line in an attempt to do what you want. Also note that Senders/Implementors of it will find the outermost keyword selector in a large selection, as when you have selected a bracketed expression or an entire line. Finally note that the same cmd-m and cmd-n (and cmd-v for versions) work in the message pane of most browsers.

Upper-case command keys

(use with Shift-Cmd, or Ctrl on Mac or Shift-Alt on other platforms; sometimes Ctrl works too)

 A Advance argument
 B Browse it in this same browser (in System browsers only)
 C Compare argument to clipboard
 D Duplicate
 E Method strings containing it
 F Insert 'ifFalse:'
 G fileIn from it (a file name)
 H cursor TopHome:
 I Inspect via Object Explorer
 J Again many (apply the previous text command repeatedly until the end of the text)
 K Set style
 L Outdent (move selection one tab-stop left)
 M Select current type-in
 N References to it (selection is a class name, or cursor is over a class-list or message-list)
 O Open single-message browser (in message lists)
 P Make project link
 R Indent (move selection one tab-stap right)
 S Search
 T Insert 'ifTrue:'
 U Convert linefeeds to carriage returns in selection
 V Paste author's initials
 W Selectors containing it (in text); show-world-menu (when issued with cursor over desktop)
 X Force selection to lowercase
 Y Force selection to uppercase
 Z Capitalize all words in selection

Other special keys

 Backspace   Backward delete character
 Del         Forward delete character
 Shift-Bksp  Backward delete word
 Shift-Del   Forward delete word
 Esc         Pop up the Desktop Menu
 \           Send top window to back

Cursor keys

 left, right, up, down Move cursor left, right, up or down
 Ctrl-left             Move cursor left one word
 Ctrl-right            Move cursor right one word
 Home                  Move cursor to begin of line or begin of text
 End                   Move cursor to end of line or end of text
 PgUp, Ctrl-up         Move cursor up one page
 PgDown, Ctrl-Dn       Move cursor down one page

Note all these keys can be used together with Shift to define or enlarge the selection. You cannot however shrink that selection again, as in some other systems.

Other Cmd-key combinations

(not available on all platforms)

 Return  Insert return followed by as many tabs as the previous line
         (with a further adjustment for additional brackets in that line)
 Space   Select the current word as with double clicking

Enclose the selection in a kind of bracket

Each is a toggle (not available on all platforms)

 Ctrl-(  Enclose within ( and ), or remove enclosing ( and )
 Ctrl-[  Enclose within [ and ], or remove enclosing [ and ]
 Crtl-{  Enclose within { and }, or remove enclosing { and }
 Ctrl-<  Enclose within < and >, or remove enclosing < and >
 Ctrl-'  Enclose within ' and ', or remove enclosing ' and '
 Ctrl-"  Enclose within " and ", or remove enclosing " and "

Note also that you can double-click just inside any of the above delimiters, or at the beginning or end of a line, to select the text enclosed.

Text Emphasis

(not available on all platforms)

 Cmd-1   10 point font
 Cmd-2   12 point font
 Cmd-3   18 point font
 Cmd-4   24 point font
 Cmd-5   36 point font
 Cmd-6   color, action-on-click, link to class comment, link to method, url
         Brings up a menu. To remove these properties, select
         more than the active part and then use command-0.
 Cmd-7   bold
 Cmd-8   italic
 Cmd-9   narrow (same as negative kern)
 Cmd-0   plain text (resets all emphasis)
 Cmd--   underlined (toggles it)
 Cmd-=   struck out (toggles it)
 Shift-Cmd--   (aka :=) negative kern (letters 1 pixel closer)
 Shift-Cmd-\+  positive kern (letters 1 pixel larger spread)

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